Country of Study 2019 – PAPUA NEW GUINEA

New Guinea is a large island off the continent of Australia. It is the world’s second-largest island, after Greenland, covering a land area of 785,753 km2 The Territory of Papua and New Guinea was renamed Papua New Guinea in 1971. Papua New Guinea gained full independence from Australia in September 1975.

Papua New Guinea, in the southwestern Pacific, encompasses the eastern half of New Guinea and its offshore islands. A country of immense cultural and biological diversity, it’s known for its beaches and coral reefs. Inland are active volcanoes, granite Mt. Wilhelm, dense rainforest and hiking routes like the Kokoda Trail. There are also many  traditional tribal villages. Papua New Guinea has a population of over 8.25 million using over 820 different languages. The official languages are English, Tok and Hiri Motu.

Home to some of the most interesting tribal cultures in the world, Papua New Guinea is an area filled with diversity. Some people would say it is quite similar to Australia, especially since they share a similar history; however, it has all of the lush forests and mountains that Australia doesn’t have. It is a place with an undeveloped tourism industry, so any visit to this area will show you what the people and place are truly like. A trip to their mountains will help you discover their unique flora and fauna, as well as the tribal culture of painted and masked men.

Papua New Guinea’s climate is tropical, as one would expect in a country located just south of the Equator. December to March is the wet season, although occasional rain falls year round.While Port Moresby, the capital, and other towns on the coast are quite hot in the summer months, temperatures are considerable cooler in the Highlands. July, August, and September are the best months for trekking vacations.

 Fun Facts
  • Papua New Guinea is one of the few regions close to the equator that experience snowfall, which occurs in the most elevated parts of the mainland.
  • The Kuk Early Agricultural Site consists of swamps in the highlands of New Guinea. It has been discovered that the land has been drained, possibly for as long as ten thousand years. Agriculture dates back to about six and a half thousand years ago.
  • The world’s only known poisonous bird, the Hooded Pitohui (Pitohui dichrous) is native to Papua New Guinea.
  • Children make up almost half of Papua New Guinea’s largely rural population.
  • Transportation by air is extensive; there are few roads
  • Papua New Guinea is the most heterogeneous nations in the world. There are hundreds of ethnic groups indigenous to Papua New Guinea
  • Papua New Guinea has only 18 per cent of its people living in urban centres.
Cultural Facts
  • Staples include starchy vegetables (wild sago, breadfruit, yams, taro, sweet potatoes, and rice) complemented by wild greens, several varieties of bananas, and coconuts, mango, and other fruits.
  • Villagers cook two meals a day, boiling or roasting the food
  • Earth ovens are dug on ceremonial grounds for special occasions.
  • Papua New Guinea is renowned for ceremonial occasions at which hundreds of pigs or other valuables are distributed to guests
  • Competitive feasting (“fighting with food”) between big men and chiefs features oratory, dancing, singing, drumming, and feasting that go on for days, along with the payment of bride-prices and other exchanges
Children in Traditional Dress
Aerial view of PNG
Map of PNG
Flag of PNG
Start of the Kokada Trail